Words to understand:


Here’s another one of those differences between the Textus Receptus (KJV) and the Nestle Aland (modern translations)

TR:  Adulterers –
a male who commits adultery or is faithless toward God

NA: Adulteresses –
a female who commits adultery or is faithless toward God

know –
to perceive with the eyes, by any of the senses, notice, discern, discover, see


hostility –
enmity, hostility

toward –
is implied here

God –
God the Father


enemy –
opposing, hostile, hating

scripture – a writing, a book (meaning either the book itself or its contents)

speaks –
to say, speak, teach

no purpose –
vanity, in vain​

The Spirit –
when ‘the’ is before it, it always refers to the Holy Spirit

caused to dwell –
to cause to dwell, settle, inhabit


yearns –
to long for, desire, lust

jealously –
envy, for envy, prompted by envy


Notes:


Verse 4


James is referring to the church which is considered to be the ‘Bride of Christ’ and therefore the female word would be more appropriate in this context.


This is emphasizing the old and possibly worn out statement that we are to be ‘in the world but not of the world.’

 No matter how old or worn out, it is true. We have to live in the world, but the world doesn’t have to live in us. We must keep untainted by the world we live in as we serve God.

John 15:19, If you were of the world, the world would love its own. But because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, the world hates you.


​Verse 5


That last statement means that God wants us to Himself. He wants our thoughts, actions, or prayers to take into account His will.

Pride is a terrible sin. The Greek here implies someone attempting to appear above others or showing themselves better than others.

Pride builds a wall between God and us.

James calls for repentance and humility before God. We are to submit to God. We must submit as a small child submits to his parents. We must be like little children, which we are!
 
​​
       

​James The Easy Study Bible Commentary

Verse for November 4

   Diagramed

​​   
4 Adulteresses,
       do you not know
              that friendship with the world
                   is hostility toward God?
    Therefore, whoever wants to be a friend of the world
       makes himself an enemy of God.
5 Or do you think
       that the scripture speaks to no purpose:
              “The Spirit He caused to dwell in us
                   yearns jealously?”

 

                                                                                                                                         James 4:4-5

The Easy Study Bible Diagramed

4 Adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore, whoever wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. 5 Or do you think that the scripture speaks to no purpose: “The Spirit He caused to dwell in us yearns jealously?”
 

                                                                                                                                             James 4:4-5

The Easy Study Bible

​​​James

                                           Chapter Four

In this chapter we are told to think about four things:

1. James lists some different causes of disagreement among God’s people. He stresses to us that we should be on the watch for these.

2. James strongly stresses that we have to keep from being friends with the world. Then he says that instead, we should submit and subject ourselves totally to God.

3. He says that it is a sin to talk bad about others and to judge them. We are to strictly avoid doing that.

4. We must be very careful to include God in all plans that we make whether they are big or small.


​​                                                                                                     James The Easy Study Bible Commentary                                                    

Greek Paraphrase


Adulteresses! Don’t you know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God the Father? Therefore, whoever wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God the Father. Or do you think that the Scripture speaks without reason, “The Spirit He has caused to dwell in us yearns jealously?”


James 4:4-5

James The Easy Study Bible Commentary

Copyright © T. E. Killian -- Christian Author

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