Words to study

hidden reefs – a rock in the sea, ledge, reef; metaphorically of men who by their conduct damage others morally, wreck them as it were

love feasts–
brotherly love, affection, good will, love, benevolence; love feasts; does not require a comparable response

feast with –
to entertain together; to feast sumptuously with

carried along –
to bear to, bring to, put before; to lead aside from the right course or path, to carry away; to carry past, lead past; to cause to pass by, to remove

by winds –
wind, a violent agitation and stream of air; a very strong tempestuous wind

autumn trees –
autumn trees; trees such as they are at the close of autumn, dry, leafless and without fruit; metaphorically of unfruitful, worthless men

doubly –

dead –
to die; of the natural death of man; of the violent death of man or animals; to perish by means of something; of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted; of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell​

uprooted –
to root out, pluck up by the roots

wild –
living or growing in the fields or woods; of animals, wild, savage; of countries, wild, uncultivated, un-reclaimed; of men and animals in a moral sense, wild savage, fierce; boorish, rude; of any violent passion, vehement, furious

waves –
a wave (swell) especially of the sea or of a lake; of impulse and restless men, tossed back and forth by their raging passions

sea – the sea; used of the sea in general; used specifically of the Mediterranean Sea or the Red Sea​

shame –
the confusion of one who is ashamed of anything, sense of shame; ignominy, disgrace, dishonor; a thing to be ashamed of​

black –
darkness, blackness; used of the darkness of the nether world

darkness –
darkness; of night darkness; of darkened eyesight or blindness

has been reserved –
to attend to carefully, take care of; to guard; to keep, one in the state in which he is; to observe; to reserve: to undergo something

forever –
forever, an unbroken age, perpetuity of time, eternity; the worlds, universe; period of time, age


     When the early church celebrated the Lord's Supper, they would eat a full meal before taking part in it. With the sharing of the bread and wine, they called the meal a "fellowship meal." They thought of it as a sacred time of fellowship to prepare their hearts for Communion. In some of the churches, but, this meal had turned into a time of eating and drinking to excess.

2 Peter 2:17, These are springs without water and mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved.

 Matthew 15:13, But He answered, "Every plant which My heavenly Father did not plant shall be uprooted.


​​                                                                                        Jude The Easy Study Bible Commentary

Greek Paraphrase 


These men are dangerous hidden reefs at your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear, feeding only themselves. They are waterless clouds, swept along by winds. They are like trees that bear no fruit, even in autumn, trees that have been pulled up by the roots, twice dead. They are like wild waves of the sea, with their shameful deeds showing up like foam. They are like wandering stars, for whom God has reserved a place forever in the deepest darkness.


                                                                                                                                       Jude 1:12-13

Jude The Easy Study Bible Commentary

Verse for April 14

12 These are the men who are hidden reefs at your love feasts when they feast with you without fear, caring only for themselves. They are clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, doubly dead, uprooted; 13 wild waves of the sea, foaming up their own shame; wandering stars for whom the black darkness has been reserved forever.

                                                                                                                                     Jude 1:12-13

The Easy Study Bible


​​​12 These are the men
     who are hidden reefs
         at your love feasts
         when they feast
              with you
              without fear,
              caring only for themselves.
     They are clouds
         without water,
         carried along by winds;
         autumn trees
              without fruit,
              doubly dead,

         13 wild waves
              of the sea,
              foaming up their own shame;
         wandering stars
              for whom the black darkness has been reserved forever.

                                                                                                                              Jude 1:12-13

​                                                                                            The Easy Study Bible Diagramed

Copyright © T. E. Killian -- Christian Author


​​                                      Jude                                             

In the first verse, the author calls himself “Jude, a slave of Jesus Christ, and brother of James.” Therefore, he is most commonly thought to be Jude, the half-brother of Christ.

The only Jude it could possibly be is one of the apostles but the way he refers to the apostles in in verse 17 leads us to believe that he wasn’t that Jude.

In spite of its limited subject matter and size, Jude was widely accepted by the early church leaders and referred to often by them.

Date Written:
It is believed to have been written in the 60s A.D., probably around 65AD.

Relationship of Jude to Second Peter:
The obvious similarities between Jude and Second Peter seem to show that one borrowed from the other.

1. The vocabulary of the two books is similar

2. Both books use the Old Testament for illustrations

3. Neither quotes the Old Testament directly.

The books deal with similar situations, though their approaches are different. Peter seems to be anticipating difficulty with false teachers, while Jude uses the past tense to describe the situation. On the other hand, because of the more precise language in Jude, many scholars believe that Jude was first and Peter borrowed from him. But this can’t be known for sure.

Original Audience:
Jude contains no specific information that tells us exactly who he was writing to. They were Christians that Jude knew well whom he wanted to warn. His quotation of Jewish sources suggests that he was writing to Jewish converts, but there’s not much else to go on.

Jude seems to have intended to write on one subject but changed his mind when he heard about the dangerous false teachers. They had already crept into the congregation and Jude heaped condemnation on them (v.13). Their problem was that they were “turning the grace of our God into immorality (v.4). This evidently referred to a humanistic belief that God’s grace entitles believers to do whatever they want morally without having to follow God’s commandments.

The false teachers were motivated by their own sensual lust and desire for financial gain (v. 16).  So, Jude wrote this letter as a warning to the believers. Not only did he attack falsehood, he encouraged these believers to stay true to the faith and to reach out compassionately to those who were tempted to compromise with the false teachers (vv. 20-22).

Jude wrote to condemn false teachers who were trying to convince Christians that they could sin because they had been forgiven and God’s grace covered them. Jude wants us to oppose this teaching with the truth about God’s grace.