I want to remind you,
though you know all this,
that the Lord,
after saving a people
out of the land of Egypt,
later destroyed those who did not believe.
who did not keep their own domain,
but abandoned their proper home,
He has kept
in eternal bonds
on the great day,
7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah
and the cities around them
committed sexual immorality
and practiced perversions,
are an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
The Easy Study Bible Diagramed
Copyright © T. E. Killian -- Christian Author
For even though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lord who once saved his people from the land of Egypt later destroyed those who did not believe. Remember the angels who did not stay within the limits of their proper authority but abandoned their assigned place. They are bound with eternal chains in the darkness below, where God is keeping them for that great Day on which they will be condemned. Likewise, Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities near them acted as those angels did and indulged in sexual immorality and perversion. They suffer the punishment of eternal fire as a plain warning to all.
Verse for March 4
Words to study
know – know fully; understand, recognize
all this – once, one time; once for all
Lord – he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has power of deciding; master, lord
saving – to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction; to save a suffering one (from perishing), i.e. one suffering from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health; to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue
people – a people, people group, tribe, nation, all those who are of the same stock and language; a great part of the population gathered together anywhere
Egypt – “double straits” - a country occupying the northeast angle of Africa
later – second, after the first
destroyed – to destroy; to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin; render useless; to kill; to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed
believe – to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in; to entrust a thing to one, i.e. his fidelity; to be entrusted with a thing
angels – a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God
keep – to attend to carefully, take care of; to guard; to keep, one in the state in which he is; to observe; to reserve: to undergo something
domain – beginning, origin, authority, rule, domain, sphere of influence
abandoned – to leave, to leave behind; to desert or forsake
proper – pertaining to one’s self, one’s own, belonging to one’s self
home – a dwelling place, habitation; of the body as a dwelling place for the spirit
darkness – darkness, blackness; used of the darkness of the nether world
great – great; used of intensity and its degrees: with great effort, of the affections and emotions of the mind, of natural events powerfully affecting the senses: violent, mighty, strong; persons, eminent for ability, virtue, authority, power; things esteemed highly for their importance: of great moment, of great weight, importance; splendid, prepared on a grand scale, stately
day – the day, used of the natural day, or the interval between sunrise and sunset, as distinguished from and contrasted with the night; of the last day of this present age, the day Christ will return from heaven, raise the dead, hold the final judgment, and perfect his kingdom
just as – as, like, even as, when, as long as, after, so that
Sodom – “burning” - a city destroyed by the Lord raining fire and brimstone on it
Gomorrah – “submersion” - a city in eastern part of Judah that was destroyed when the Lord rained fire and brimstone on it; now covered by the Dead Sea
cities – a city; one’s native city, the city in which one lives; the heavenly Jerusalem; the abode of the blessed in heaven; the inhabitants of a city
committed sexual immorality – indulge in sexual immorality, give oneself to fornication
practiced perversions – this is an “idiom” which really means to go after strange flesh (animals)
“idiom” – a phrase that does not mean what the words together mean; over the years it has taken on a totally different meaning
Jude is warning his readers. God didn’t spare the Israelites who did not believe. Therefore, he wouldn’t spare those any of his readers who were led astray.
Definitely, if God didn’t spare the angels who went astray, then he wouldn’t spare them either if they began to follow the false teachers.
5 Now I want to remind you, though you know all this, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, later destroyed those who did not believe. 6 And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper home, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for judgment on the great day, 7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them committed sexual immorality and practiced perversions, are an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
In the first verse, the author calls himself “Jude, a slave of Jesus Christ, and brother of James.” Therefore, he is most commonly thought to be Jude, the half-brother of Christ.
The only Jude it could possibly be is one of the apostles but the way he refers to the apostles in in verse 17 leads us to believe that he wasn’t that Jude.
In spite of its limited subject matter and size, Jude was widely accepted by the early church leaders and referred to often by them.
Jude seems to have intended to write on one subject but changed his mind when he heard about the dangerous false teachers. They had already crept into the congregation and Jude heaped condemnation on them (v.13). Their problem was that they were “turning the grace of our God into immorality (v.4). This evidently referred to a humanistic belief that God’s grace entitles believers to do whatever they want morally without having to follow God’s commandments.
The false teachers were motivated by their own sensual lust and desire for financial gain (v. 16). So, Jude wrote this letter as a warning to the believers. Not only did he attack falsehood, he encouraged these believers to stay true to the faith and to reach out compassionately to those who were tempted to compromise with the false teachers (vv. 20-22).
Jude wrote to condemn false teachers who were trying to convince Christians that they could sin because they had been forgiven and God’s grace covered them. Jude wants us to oppose this teaching with the truth about God’s grace.